A castle next to a river and surrounded by green fields and trees, viewed from above
Interiors & Design Luxury Real Estate

Castle Renovation: How to Live in a Modern Fairy Tale

Whether fortress or folly, a castle renovation is the key to many people’s ultimate dream property. Here designers and castle owners recount how they turned fantasy into reality

What was staring Harvey B-Brown and his husband, Steve Riseley, in the face was a graffiti-covered shell that had been abandoned for nearly a century. Built in the late 1800s, Castle Elvira in Puglia, Italy, had been given as a birthday present to a 17-year-old called Elvira. To thank her parents for her gift, the teenager prepared a feast using mushrooms she’d picked in the grounds. She died that night after eating one that was poisonous. Her grief-stricken parents sealed up the castle and left Puglia forever.

Italian Beauty

A two-story pink-brick castle with turrets and arched doorways and windows, with trees in front of it
Set in the lush grounds of a 37-acre (15 ha) estate, Castle Elvira in Puglia, Italy, has been brought back from ruin and is now a luxurious and atmospheric 10-suite hotel. Image: Rei Moon / Moon Ray Studio

“We fell in love with it the second we saw it,” says B-Brown. “Or rather we fell in love with our vision of what it could be. Sometimes what you see in your mind’s eye is not what’s staring you in the face.”

We fell in love with it the second we saw it. Or rather we fell in love with our vision of what it could be. Sometimes what you see in your mind’s eye is not what’s staring you in the face—Harvey B-Brown of Castle Elvira

“When we went to view it in 2018,” says Riseley, “we had to hack a path through 37 acres (15 ha) of wilderness and inside was a scene of total dereliction.”

Elvira’s interiors—its frescoed ceilings, cast-iron filigree window grates, parquet floors—had been looted, vandalized, or ravaged by the elements. The stairs had rotted away. Winds howled through its pane-less windows; birds nested in its pink turrets.

Green room with a large vertical window, with a framed photo of a man in black wearing angel wings on the wall. Two burgundy armchairs face a coffee table with a sculpture of a silver hand on it, and a sofa opposite has two cushions with images of women's face on them.
Castle Elvira is filled with artworks and antiques that heighten the sense of grandeur. Guests can enjoy art classes and workshops, or a unique portrait experience with artist and owner Harvey B-Brown. Image: Rei Moon / Moon Ray Studio

Turning the castle into a residence and hotel was a far bigger undertaking than the couple had anticipated. “We were bewitched by Elvira, obsessed, blinded by love—and our decisions were driven by the desire to recapture and honor its intrinsic character,” says B-Brown.

“We wanted to preserve what was there, such as the murals on the ceilings, and to restore what we could salvage or, if we couldn’t do that, to find craftsmen who could build traditional stone walls, work iron, and make banisters and stairs from bare wood, which proved a painful process.

“We were swept up by the dream, but when reality bit, it bit hard—the sheer scale of what we had to do caused many sleepless nights.

“Castle renovation is not for the faint hearted. It takes stamina, tenacity, and huge emotional and financial resources. It takes imagination—how are you going to install heating and air conditioning and all the necessities and luxuries of 21st-century living in a 19th-century building without disrupting its appearance?

“Our smart televisions are integrated into retro-style mirrors and we used the most advanced under-floor heating and air cooling system. And then there are the regulations and the red tape, and the fact that different restrictions can apply to different parts of the estate, depending on its age.

“But when we see how much our guests love Elvira, we’re so glad we didn’t take any short cuts.”


Into Tomorrow

A small, square, gray-stone castle with two chimneys and two turrets, viewed through a low gateway with cone shaped pillars.
Forter Castle is on the border of Angus and Perthshire in Scotland, and was originally built in 1560 by James Ogilvy, the 5th Lord of Airlie. Image: James Risdon / Floodgate Films

“Good castle renovation is about preserving the property’s ancient soul while giving it new life as a luxurious family residence. Baronial architecture demands opulence, a home demands comfort. The key is to balance the two,” says Katharine Pooley, founder of Katharine Pooley Design Studio, who did the interiors for Forter Castle, her family’s 16th-century property in Perthshire, Scotland.

Baronial architecture demands opulence, a home demands comfort. The key is balance—Katharine Pooley

“People who buy a castle—my father, Robert Pooley, included—are drawn to the history, to the fact that they are preserving something unique for the future. When my father acquired Forter in 1988, it was a roofless ruin.

“It could easily have been lost, but he transformed it into one of the great houses of Perthshire. It is his legacy, and now an important part of my family’s narrative: taking on the interior design was a deeply personal project for me.

Large bedroom in a castle, with a beamed ceiling, a chandelier, a four-poster bed with red drapes, and an intricate wooden table with books, photo frames and a vase filled with pheasant feathers. A pair of brown leather knee-high riding boots stand next to the bed.
There is a traditional 16th-century layout at Forter Castle, except for in the Laird’s Room (pictured), which now extends to the full expanse of the building. Image: James Risdon / Floodgate Films

“My foundational points were the building and its proportions, and the landscape. You have to give a property of this size—with its high roofs—grandeur. You layer, adding color and texture and light to create a space for entertaining, or relaxing, or partying.

“The Great Hall is still what it was all those centuries ago—a place for banquets. We wanted to make its Great Hall one of the main attractions, so we commissioned the artist Jennifer Merredew to paint a spectacular mural across the timbers.

“To undertake a castle renovation, you need talented craftspeople who share your vision. That’s the best route to getting the results that you desire.”


Stage Struck

A carved wooden archway with gilded details leads to a sitting area with wooden carved walls and sofas with burgundy velvet upholstery. Two chairs are in front of a coffee table covered in books and with wine glasses laid out. To the forefront of the picture, an ice bucket with three champagne bottles sits on top of a dark, varnished wood bar with two tall chairs in front of it.
The opulent Chapel Bar in a castle renovated by Alex Kravetz shows how original features can be reimagined and given a new lease of life with a clever use of design. Image: Aervisions

Award-winning architect and interior artist Alex Kravetz has transformed many historically important properties into exquisite residences. A non-disclosure agreement means he cannot name the castle renovation he oversaw for a client, nor even give its location, but he says that when he found out his proposals had been accepted, his “heart leapt both with excitement and trepidation.”

“A castle provides the perfect stage for drama, which means there is scope to let the imagination run wild. To an extent it’s a theatrical experience. It’s the design and architecture team’s job to fulfill as many of the clients’ fantasies as possible, but also to advise what heritage and conservation bodies will allow.

“You need to be forensic in your research. Delving deep into the archives, or finding a scrap of newspaper that proves that modifications occurred much later than believed can make the difference between getting your plans approved or not.

“Research is also at the heart of finding people with the necessary skills to recreate the past. Depending on where the castle is, you might well need to bring in people from other countries. If you want the best, you will have to wait for them, so build this into your time frame.

“Integrating and sometimes concealing modern living—heating systems, lifts, and ramps—into the fabric of an ancient building is technically difficult. You choreograph, you set-build: where can the full-screen cinema room go, or the bowling alley?

“It’s your job to make all this happen while ensuring you never lose sight of the property’s heritage.”


Military Minded

A hotel room with a large four-poster bed, which has cream-colored floral curtains, a forest-green cover, and a low bench at the end. There is a chandelier hanging from the ceiling, a painting of a horse in a frame on the wall, a chaise longe with green cushions, and a carved wooden dressing table, and a carpet with a repeating diamond design.
The split-level Reagan Presidential Suite at Ashford Castle is located in the oldest wing of the building. As well as its antique four-poster bed and original fireplace, it boasts spectacular views of Lough Corrib. Image: The Red Carnation Hotel Collection

Now part of Red Carnation Hotels, Ashford Castle in County Mayo, Ireland, has been a part of its community for more than eight centuries. The castle renovation, says Jonathan Raggett, CEO, Red Carnation Hotels, “left no tile, window, or brick untouched.”

When he first visited, there was a gale blowing through it. “I thought, ‘How on earth are we going to keep the weather out? How are we going to make this a cozy and inviting place to stay?’”

Raggett says the project was managed like a military operation. “We had strategies, phases of what had to happen when. The infrastructure had to be overhauled completely—800 windows were replaced, as were 10,764 square feet (1,000 sq m) of lead roofing, with each tile being cut by hand.”

Toni Tollman, the director of design and projects, had teams of people sourcing materials and artifacts from all over the world. The marble in the Prince of Wales Bar and in many of the bathrooms is from Connemara, the double-tiered Val Saint Lambert chandelier in the Great Hall is from Belgium. Tollman hired furniture makers and restorers who salvaged, mended, and recreated.

They even found a way of strengthening the original Oak Hall gallery, which had been thought too unstable to keep, so that it could remain in use.

“The transformation of the castle has been so amazing that sometimes when I visit, I think, ‘Was it really in as ruinous a state as I remember?’” says Raggett. “I check the photos and I think, ‘Oh my goodness, it was even worse…’”


Banner image: Ashford Castle in County Mayo, Ireland. The Red Carnation Hotel Collection

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